It is pleasing at a more advanced period to look again into the early favourites, though the mature person may wonder how some of them had once power to absorb his passions, make him retire into a lonely wood in order to read unmolested, repel the approaches of sleep, or, when it came, infect it with visions. A capital part of the proposed task would be to recollect the books that have been read with the greatest interest, the periods when they were read, the partiality which any of them inspired to a particular mode of life, to a study, to a system of opinions, or to a class of human characters; to note the counteraction of later ones where we have been sensible of it to the effect pro  duced by the former; and then to endeavour to estimate the whole and ultimate influence.
Considering the multitude of facts, sentiments, and characters, which have been contemplated by a person who has read much, the effect, one would think, must have been very great. Still, however, it is probable that a very small number of books will have the pre-eminence in our mental history. Perhaps your memory will promptly recur to six or ten that have contributed more to your present habits of feeling and thought than all the rest together. On a Man's Writing Memoirs of Himself. Cultivate above all things a taste for reading.
There is no pleasure so cheap, so innocent, and so remunerative as the real, hearty pleasure and taste for reading. It does not come to every one naturally. Some people take to it naturally, and others do not; but I advise you to cultivate it, and endeavour to promote it in your minds. In order to do that you should read what amuses you and pleases you. You should not begin with difficult works, because, if you do, you will find the pursuit dry and tiresome.
I would even say to you, read novels, read frivolous books, read anything that will amuse you and give you a taste for reading. On this point all persons could put themselves on an equality. Some persons would say they would rather spend their time in society; but it must be remembered that if they had cultivated a taste for reading beforehand they would be in a position to choose their society, whereas, if they had not, the probabilities were that they would have to mix with people inferior to themselves.
Lowe, Lord Sherbrooke. How the mood for a book sometimes rushes upon one, either one knows not why, or in consequence, perhaps, of some most trifling suggestion. Yesterday I was walking at dusk. I came to an old farmhouse; at the garden gate a vehicle stood waiting, and I saw it was our doctor's gig. Having passed, I turned to look back.
There was a faint afterglow in the sky beyond the chimneys; a light twinkled at one of the upper windows. I said to myself, ' Tristram Shandy ,' and hurried home to plunge into a book which I have not opened for I dare say twenty years.
The Project Gutenberg eBook of The Book-lovers' Anthology, Edited by R. M. Leonard.
Not long ago, I awoke one morning and suddenly thought of the Correspondence between Goethe and Schiller; and so impatient did I become to open the book that I got up an hour earlier than usual. A book worth rising for; much better worth than old Burton, who pulled Johnson out of bed.
A book which helps one to forget the idle or venomous chatter going on everywhere about us, and bids us cherish hope for a world 'which has such people in't'. These volumes I had at hand; I could reach them down from my shelves at the moment when I hungered for them. But it often happens that the book which comes into my mind could only be procured with trouble and delay; I breathe regretfully and put aside the thought. They gave delight, perchance something more; they left a perfume in the memory; but life has passed them by for ever.
I have but to muse, and one after another they rise before me. Books gentle and quieting; books noble and inspiring; books that well merit to be pored over, not once but many a time. Yet never again shall I hold them in my hand; the years fly too quickly, and are too few. Perhaps when I lie waiting for the end, some of these lost books will come into my wandering thoughts, and I shall remember them as friends to whom I owed a kindness—friends passed upon the way. What regret in that last farewell! The Private Papers of Henry Ryecroft. Now it is, that the minds of men are qualified with all manner of discipline, and the old sciences revived, which for many ages were extinct.
Now it is, that the learned languages are to their pristine purity restored, viz. Greek, without which a man may be ashamed to account himself a scholar, Hebrew, Arabic, Chaldean, and Latin. Printing likewise is now in use, so elegant and so correct, that better cannot be imagined, although it was found out but in my time by a divine inspiration, as, by a diabolical suggestion on the other side, was the invention of ordnance. All the world is full of knowing men, of most learned schoolmasters, and vast libraries; and it appears to me as a truth, that neither in Plato's time, nor Cicero's, nor Papinian's, there was ever such conveniency for studying, as we see at this day there is.
Nor must any adventure henceforward to come in public, or present himself in company, that hath not been pretty well polished in the shop of Minerva. I see robbers, hangmen, freebooters, tapsters, ostlers, and such like, of the very rubbish of the people, more learned now than the doctors and preachers were in my time. What shall I say? The very women and children have aspired to this praise and celestial manna of good learning. The Life of Gargantua and of Pantagruel.
I saw a man, who bore in his hands the same instruments as our modern smith's, presenting a vase, which appeared to be made of iron, amidst the acclamations of an assembled multitude engaged in triumphal procession before the altars dignified by the name of Apollo at Delphi; and I saw in the same place men who carried rolls of papyrus in their hands and wrote upon them with reeds containing ink made from the soot of wood mixed with a solution of glue. Consolations in Travel. Certainly the Art of Writing is the most miraculous of all things man has devised.
Odin's Runes were the first form of the work of a Hero; Books , written words, are still miraculous Runes , the latest form! In Books lies the soul of the whole Past Time; the articulate audible voice of the Past, when the body and material substance of it has altogether vanished like a dream. Mighty fleets and armies, harbours and arsenals, vast cities, high-domed, many-engined,—they are precious, great: but what do they become? Agamemnon, the many Agamemnons, Pericleses, and their Greece; all is gone now to some ruined fragments, dumb mournful wrecks and blocks: but the Books of Greece!
There Greece, to every thinker, still very literally lives; can be called-up again into life. No magic Rune is stranger than a Book.
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All that Mankind has done, thought, gained, or been: it is lying as in magic preservation in the pages of Books. They are the chosen possession of men. Do not Books still accomplish miracles , as Runes were fabled to do? They persuade men. Not the wretchedest circulating-library novel, which foolish girls thumb and con in remote villages, but will help to regulate the actual practical weddings and households of those foolish girls. So 'Celia' felt, so 'Clifford' acted: the foolish Theorem of Life, stamped into those young brains, comes out as a solid Practice one day.
Consider whether any Rune in the wildest imagination of mythologist ever did such wonders as, on the actual firm Earth, some Books have done! What built St. Paul's Cathedral? Look at the heart of the matter, it was that divine Hebrew Book —the word partly of the man Moses, an outlaw tending his Midianitish herds, four thousand years ago, in the wildernesses of Sinai!
It is the strangest of things, yet nothing is truer. With the art of Writing, of which Printing is a simple, an inevitable, and comparatively insignificant corollary, the true reign of miracles for mankind commenced. It related, with a wondrous new contiguity and perpetual closeness, the Past and Distant with the Present in time and place; all times and all places with this our actual Here and Now. All things were altered for men; all modes of important work of men.
Heroes and Hero-Worship. In books we find the dead as it were living; in books we foresee things to come; in books warlike affairs are methodized; the rights of peace proceed from books. All things are corrupted and decayed with time. Saturn never ceases to devour those whom he generates; insomuch that the glory of the world would be lost in oblivion if God had not provided mortals with a remedy in books. Alexander the ruler of the world; Julius the invader of the world and of the city, the just who in unity of person assumed the empire in arms and arts; the faithful Fabricius, the rigid Cato, would at this day have been without a memorial if the aid of books had failed them.
Towers are razed to the earth, cities overthrown, triumphal arches mouldered to dust; nor can the King or Pope be found upon whom the privilege of a lasting name can be conferred more easily than by books. A book made, renders succession to the author: for as long as the book exists, the author remaining [Greek: athanatos] immortal, cannot perish. We commonly see the book that at Christmas lieth bound on the stationer's stall, at Easter to be broken in the Haberdasher's shop, which sith it is the order of proceeding, I am content this winter to have my doings read for a toy, that in summer they may be ready for trash.
It is not strange when as the greatest wonder lasteth but nine days, that a new work should not endure but three months. Gentlemen use books, as gentlewomen handle their flowers, who in the morning stick them in their heads, and at night straw them at their heels. Cherries be fulsome when they be through ripe, because they be plenty, and books be stale when they be printed, in that they be common. In my mind Printers and Tailors are bound chiefly to pray for gentlemen, the one hath so many fantasies to print, the other such divers fashions to make, that the pressing iron of the one is never out of the fire, nor the printing press of the other any time lieth still.
But a fashion is but a day's wearing, and a book but an hour's reading, which seeing it is so, I am of a shoemaker's mind, who careth not so the  shoe hold the plucking on, nor I, so my labours last the running over. He that cometh in print because he would be known, is like the fool that cometh into the market because he would be seen. I erect not here a statue to be set up in the market-place of a town, or in a church, or in any other public place:. It is for the corner of a library, or to amuse a neighbour, a kinsman, or a friend of mine withal, who by this image may happily take pleasure to renew acquaintance and to reconverse with me Notwithstanding if my posterity be of another mind, I shall have wherewith to be avenged, for they cannot make so little accompt of me, as then I shall do of them.
All the commerce I have in this with the world is that I borrow the instruments of their writing, as more speedy and more easy; in requital whereof I may peradventure hinder the melting of some piece of butter in the market or a grocer from selling an ounce of pepper. And if it happen no man read me, have I lost my time to have entertained myself so many idle hours about so pleasing and profitable thoughts?
I have no more made my book than my book hath made me. A book consubstantial to his author: of a peculiar and fit occupation. A member of my life. Not of an occupation and end strange  and foreign, as all other books What if I lend mine ears somewhat more attentively unto books, sith I but watch if I can filch something from them wherewith to enamel and uphold mine?
I never study to make a book, yet have I somewhat studied, because I had already made it if to nibble or pinch, by the head or feet, now one author and then another, be in any sort to study , but nothing at all to form my opinions. We see then how far the monuments of wit and learning are more durable than the monuments of power or of the hands.
For have not the verses of Homer continued twenty-five hundred years, or more, without the loss of a syllable or letter; during which time infinite palaces, temples, castles, cities, have been decayed and demolished? It is not possible to have the true pictures or statues of Cyrus, Alexander, Caesar, no, nor of the kings or great personages of much later years; for the originals cannot last, and the copies cannot but leese of the life and truth.
But the images of men's wits and knowledges remain in books, exempted from the wrong of time and capable of perpetual renovation. Neither are they fitly to be called images, because they generate still, and cast their seeds in the minds of others, provoking and causing infinite actions and opinions in succeeding ages.
So that if the invention of the ship was thought so noble, which carrieth riches and commodities from place to place, and consociateth the most remote regions in participation of their fruits, how much more are letters to be magnified, which as ships pass through the vast seas of time, and make ages so distant to participate of the wisdom, illuminations, and inventions, the one of the other?
Bacon, Lord Verulam. Of the Advancement of Learning. Books have that strange quality, that being of the frailest and tenderest matter, they outlast brass, iron and marble; and though their habitations and walls, by uncivil hands, be many times overthrown; and they themselves, by foreign force, be turned prisoners, yet do they often, as their authors, keep their giver's names; seeming rather to change places and masters than to suffer a full ruin and total wreck.
So, many of the books of Constantinople changed Greece for France and Italy; and in our time, that famous Library in the Palatinate changed Heidelberg for the Vatican. And this I think no small duty, nor meaner gift and retribution, which I render back again to my benefactor's honest fame, being a greater matter than riches; riches being momentany and evanishing, scarce possessed by the third heir; fame immortal, and almost everlasting; by fame riches is often acquired, seldom fame by riches; except when it is their good hap to fall in the possession of some generous-minded man.
And though a philosopher said of famous men, disdainfully, that they died two deaths, one in their bodies, another, long after, in their names, he must confess, that where other men live but one life, famous men live two. Bibliotheca Edinburgena Lectori. I deny not but that it is of greatest concernment in the Church and Commonwealth to have a vigilant eye how books demean themselves, as well as men; and thereafter to confine, imprison, and do sharpest justice on them as malefactors. For books are not absolutely dead things, but do contain a potency of life in them to be as active as that soul was whose progeny they are; nay, they do preserve, as in a vial, the purest efficacy and extraction of that living intellect that bred them.
I know they are as lively and as vigorously productive as those fabulous dragon's teeth; and, being sown up and down, may chance to spring up armed men. And yet, on the other hand, unless wariness be used, as good almost kill a man as kill a good book. Who kills a man kills a reasonable creature, God's image; but he who destroys a good book, kills reason itself; kills  the image of God, as it were, in the eye.
Many a man lives a burden to the earth; but a good book is the precious life-blood of a master-spirit, embalmed and treasured up on purpose to a life beyond life. We should be wary, therefore, what persecution we raise against the living labours of public men, how we spill that seasoned life of man preserved and stored up in books; since we see a kind of homicide may be thus committed, sometimes a martyrdom, and if it extend to the whole impression, a kind of massacre, whereof the execution ends not in the slaying of an elemental life, but strikes at that ethereal and fifth essence—the breath of reason itself; slays an immortality rather than a life.
A reverend friend of ours naming him tells me, that he feels an uneasiness at the thoughts of leaving his house, his study, his books. A man need not be uneasy on these grounds; for, as he will retain his consciousness, he may say with the philosopher, Omnia mea mecum porto. I remember, many years ago, when my imagination was warm, and I happened to be in a melancholy mood, it distressed me to think of going into a state of being in which Shakespeare's poetry did not exist.
A lady whom I then much admired, a very amiable woman, humoured my fancy, and relieved me by saying, "The first thing you will meet in the other world will be an elegant copy of Shakespeare's works presented to you. Johnson smiled benignantly at this, and did not appear to disapprove of the notion. Life of Johnson. Actions pass away and are forgotten, or are only discernible in their effects; conquerors, statesmen, and kings live but by their names stamped on the page of history. Hume says rightly that more people think about Virgil and Homer and that continually than ever trouble their heads about Caesar or Alexander.
In fact, poets are a longer-lived race than heroes: they breathe more of the air of immortality. They survive more entire in their thoughts and acts. We have all that Virgil or Homer did, as much as if we had lived at the same time with them: we can hold their works in our hands, or lay them on our pillows, or put them to our lips. Scarcely a trace of what the others did is left upon the earth, so as to be visible to common eyes.
The one, the dead authors, are living men, still breathing and moving in their writings. The others, the conquerors of the world, are but the ashes in an urn. The sympathy so to speak between thought and thought is more intimate and vital than that between thought and action. Thought is linked to thought as flame kindles into flame: the tribute of admiration to the manes of departed heroism is like burning incense in a marble monument. Words, ideas, feelings, with the progress of time harden into substances: things, bodies, actions, moulder away, or melt into a sound,  into thin air!
For not only a man's actions are effaced and vanish with him; his virtues and generous qualities die with him also: his intellect only is immortal and bequeathed unimpaired to posterity. Words are the only things that last for ever. Table Talk. How pleasant it is to reflect, that all these lovers of books have themselves become books! What better metamorphosis could Pythagoras have desired! How Ovid and Horace exulted in anticipating theirs! And how the world have justified their exultation! They had a right to triumph over brass and marble.
It is the only visible change which changes no further; which generates and yet is not destroyed. Consider: mines themselves are exhausted; cities perish; kingdoms are swept away, and man weeps with indignation to think that his own body is not immortal. Yet this little body of thought, that lies before me in the shape of a book, has existed thousands of years, nor since the invention of the press can anything short of an universal convulsion of nature abolish it.
To a shape like this, so small yet so comprehensive, so slight yet so lasting, so insignificant yet so venerable, turns the mighty activity of Homer, and, so turning, is enabled to live and warm us for ever. To a shape like this turns the placid sage of Academus: to a shape like this the grandeur of Milton, the exuberance of Spenser, the pungent elegance of Pope, and the volatility of Prior. In one small room, like the compressed spirits of Milton, can be gathered together.
May I hope to become the meanest of these existences? This is a question which every author who is a lover of  books asks himself some time in his life; and which must be pardoned, because it cannot be helped. I know not. I cannot exclaim with the poet,. For my mortal days, few and feeble as the rest of them may be, are of consequence to others. But I should like to remain visible in this shape. The little of myself that pleases myself I could wish to be accounted worth pleasing others.
I should like to survive so, were it only for the sake of those who love me in private, knowing as I do what a treasure is the possession of a friend's mind, when he is no more. At all events, nothing while I live and think can deprive me of my value for such treasures. I can help the appreciation of them while I last, and love them till I die; and perhaps, if fortune turns her face once more in kindness upon me before I go, I may chance, some quiet day, to lay my overbeating temples on a book, and so have the death I most envy.
Though they [philosophers] write contemptu gloriae , yet, as Hieron observes, they will put their names to their books. Visible and tangible products of the Past, again, I reckon-up to the extent of three: Cities, with their Cabinets and Arsenals; then tilled Fields, to either or to both of which divisions Roads with their Bridges may belong; and thirdly—Books. In which third, truly, the last invented, lies a worth far surpassing that of the two others. Wondrous indeed is the virtue of a true Book! Not like a dead city of stones, yearly crumbling, yearly needing repair; more like a tilled field, but then a spiritual field: like a spiritual tree, let me rather say, it stands from year to year, and from age to age we have Books that already  number some hundred-and-fifty human ages ; and yearly comes its new produce of leaves Commentaries, Deductions, Philosophical, Political Systems; or were it only Sermons, Pamphlets, Journalistic Essays , every one of which is talismanic and thaumaturgic, for it can persuade men.
O thou who art able to write a Book, which once in the two centuries or oftener there is a man gifted to do, envy not him whom they name City-builder, and inexpressibly pity him whom they name Conqueror or City-burner! Thou too art a Conqueror and Victor; but of the true sort, namely over the Devil: thou too hast built what will outlast all marble and metal, and be a wonder-bringing City of the Mind, a Temple and Seminary and Prophetic Mount, whereto all kindreds of the Earth will pilgrim.
Sartor Resartus. Some of the well-puffed fashionable novels of eighteen hundred and twenty-nine hold the pastry of eighteen hundred and thirty; and others, which are now extolled in language almost too high-flown for the merits of Don Quixote , will, we have no doubt, line the trunks of eighteen hundred and thirty-one.
Robert Montgomery's Poems. Some of the Histories that our age has produced are books in the truest sense of the word. They illustrate great periods in our own annals, and in the annals of other countries. They show what a divine discipline has been at work to form men; they teach us that there is such a discipline at work to form us into men. That is the test to which I have urged that all books must at last be brought; if they do not bear it, their doom is fixed.
They may be light or heavy, the penny sheet or the vast folio; they may speak of things seen or unseen; of Science or Art; of what has been or what is to be; they may amuse us or weary us, flatter us or scorn us; if they do not assist to make us better and more substantial men, they are only providing fuel for a fire larger, and more utterly destructive, than that which consumed the Library of the Ptolemies. On Books. All books are divisible into two classes, the books of the hour, and the books of all time.
Mark this distinction—it is not one of quality only.
It is not merely the bad book that does not last, and the good one that does. It is a distinction of species. There are good books for the hour, and good ones for all time; bad books for the hour, and bad ones for all time. I must define the two kinds before I go farther. The good book of the hour, then,—I do not speak of the bad ones—is simply the useful or pleasant talk of some person whom you cannot otherwise converse with, printed for you. Very useful often, telling you what you need to know; very pleasant often, as a sensible friend's present talk would be.
These bright accounts of travels; good-humoured and witty discussions of question; lively or pathetic story-telling in the form of novel; firm fact-telling, by the real agents concerned in the events of passing history;—all these books of the hour, multiplying among us as education becomes more general, are a peculiar characteristic and possession of the present age: we ought to be entirely thankful for them, and entirely ashamed of ourselves if we make no good use of them.
But we make the worst possible use, if we allow them to usurp the place of true books: for, strictly speaking, they are not books at all, but merely letters or newspapers in good print A book is written, not to multiply the voice merely, not to carry it merely, but to preserve it. The author has something to say which he perceives to be true and useful, or helpfully beautiful. So far as he knows, no one has yet said it; so far as he knows, no one else can say it. He is bound to say it, clearly and melodiously if he may; clearly, at all events.
In the sum of his life he finds this to be the thing, or group of things, manifest to him;—this the piece of true knowledge, or sight, which his share of sunshine and earth has permitted him to seize. He would fain set it down for ever; engrave it on rock, if he could; saying, 'This is the best of me; for the rest, I ate, and drank, and slept, loved, and hated, like another; my life was as the vapour, and is not; but this I saw and knew: this, if anything of mine, is worth your  memory.
That is a 'Book' Now books of this kind have been written in all ages by their greatest men:—by great leaders, great statesmen, and great thinkers. These are all at your choice; and life is short. You have heard as much before; yet have you measured and mapped out this short life and its possibilities? Do you know, if you read this, that you cannot read that—that what you lose to-day you cannot gain to-morrow?
Into that you may enter always; in that you may take fellowship and rank according to your wish; from that, once entered into it, you can never be outcast but by your own fault; by your aristocracy of companionship there, your own inherent aristocracy will be assuredly tested, and the motives with which you strive to take high place in the society of the living, measured, as to all the truth and sincerity that are in them, by the place you desire to take in this company of the Dead.
Sesame and Lilies. Solomon saith truly, Of making many books there is no end, so insatiable is the thirst of men therein; as also endless is the desire of many in buying and reading them. But we come to our rules. It is a vanity to persuade the world one hath much learning, by getting a great library. As soon shall I believe every one is valiant that hath a well-furnished armoury.
I guess good housekeeping by the smoking, not the number of the tunnels, as knowing that many of them, built merely for uniformity, are without chimneys, and more without fires. Once a dunce void of learning but full of books flouted a libraryless scholar with these words: Salve doctor sine libris. But the next day the scholar coming into this jeerer's study, crowded with books; Salvete libri , saith he, sine doctore. Few books, well selected, are best. Yet, as a certain fool bought all the pictures that came out, because he might have his choice, such is the vain humour of many men in gathering of books: yet when they have done all, they miss their end, it being in the editions of authors as in the fashions of clothes, when a man thinks he hath gotten the latest and newest, presently another newer comes out.
Some books are only cursorily to be tasted of. Namely, first, voluminous books, the task of a man's life to read them over; secondly, auxiliary books, only to be repaired to on occasions; thirdly, such as are mere pieces of formality, so that if you look on them, you look through them; and he that peeps through the casement of the index sees as much  as if he were in the house. But the laziness of those cannot be excused who perfunctorily pass over authors of consequence, and only trade in their tables and contents.
These, like city-cheaters, having gotten the names of all country gentlemen, make silly people believe they have long lived in those places where they never were, and flourish with skill in those authors they never seriously studied. The genius of the author is commonly discovered in the dedicatory epistle. Many place the purest grain in the mouth of the sack for chapmen to handle or buy: and from the dedication one may probably guess at the work, saving some rare and peculiar exceptions.
Thus, when once a gentleman admired how so pithy, learned, and witty a dedication was matched to a flat, dull, foolish book; In truth , said another, they may be well matched together, for I profess they are nothing akin. Proportion an hour's meditation to an hour's reading of a staple author. This makes a man master of his learning, and dispirits the book into the scholar.
The king of Sweden never filed his men above six deep in one company, because he would not have them lie in useless clusters in his army, but so that every particular soldier might be drawn out into service. Books that stand thin on the shelves, yet so as the owner of them can bring forth every one of them into use, are better than far greater libraries But what do I, speaking against multiplicity of books in this age, who trespass in this nature myself?
What was a learned man's compliment, may serve for my confession and conclusion: Multi mei similes hoc morbo laborant, ut cum scribere nesciant tamen a scribendo temperare non possint. The Holy State and the Profane State. I have heard some with deep sighs lament the lost lines of Cicero; others with as many groans deplore the combustion of the library of Alexandria. For my own part, I think there be too many in the world, and could with patience behold the urn and ashes of the Vatican, could I, with a few others, recover the perished leaves of Solomon.
I would not omit a copy of Enoch's Pillars , had they many nearer authors than Josephus, or did not relish somewhat  of the fable. Some men have written more than others have spoken. Pineda quotes more authors in one work than are necessary in a whole world. Of those three great inventions in Germany, there are two which are not without their incommodities, and 'tis disputable whether they exceed not their use and commodities.
Religio Medici. The reason that books are multiplied, in spite of the general law that beings shall not be multiplied without necessity, is, that books are made from books. A new history of France or Spain is manufactured from several volumes already printed, without adding anything new. All dictionaries are made from dictionaries; almost all new geographical books are made from other books of geography; St. Thomas's dream has brought forth two thousand large volumes of divinity; and the same race of little worms that have devoured the parent are now gnawing the children.
Philosophical Dictionary: Books. The invention of printing has not, perhaps, multiplied books, but only the copies of them; and if we believe there were six hundred thousand in the library of Ptolemy, we shall hardly pretend to equal it by any of ours, nor, perhaps, by all put together; I mean so many originals that have lived any time, and thereby given testimony to their having been thought worth preserving. For the scribblers are infinite, that like mushrooms or flies are born and die in small circles of time; whereas books, like proverbs, receive their chief value from the stamp and esteem of ages through which they have passed.
Ancient and Modern Learning. The circumstance which gives authors an advantage This gives a great author something like a prospect of eternity, but at the same time deprives him of those other advantages which artists meet with. The artist finds greater returns in profit, as the author in fame. What an inestimable price would a Virgil or a Homer, a Cicero or an Aristotle bear, were their works like a statue, a building, or a picture, to be confined only in one place, and made the property of a single person! It is observed that a corrupt society has many laws ; I know not whether it is not equally true, that an ignorant age has many books.
When the treasures of ancient knowledge lie unexamined, and original authors are neglected and forgotten, compilers and plagiaries are encouraged who give us again what we had before, and grow great by setting before us what our own sloth had hidden from our view. Idler , Nothing can supply the place of books. They are cheering or soothing companions in solitude, illness, affliction. The wealth of both continents would not compensate for the good they impart.
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Bernadette on February 28, at PM. That was amazing and hot! Janet on February 28, at PM. Kelly on February 28, at PM. I almost had an orgasm myself!!! Ariana on February 28, at PM. Julie Breeden on February 28, at PM. Donna on February 28, at PM. Chriscilla Quintana on February 28, at PM. That was HOT!
Kathy Cline on February 28, at PM. Zeinab on February 28, at PM. I liked it and want more of it so captivating Reply. Chris L. Rita on February 28, at PM. Kristi on February 28, at PM. Wow, hot and steamy! Looking forward to more. Dianne Kenes on February 28, at PM. That was very hot and intense! Looking forward to reading this! Jo on February 28, at PM. Brilliant Reply. Mary on February 28, at PM. Perfect, so intuned with each other on every level Reply. Paulette on February 28, at PM.
That was Amazing! Very hot! I can not wait to read more about Kane! Tiffany on February 28, at PM. I looking forward to reading your next book. Sara Manning on February 28, at PM. Vanessa on February 28, at PM.
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Karen on February 28, at PM. Not too hot! Heather on February 28, at PM. Melissa Lotz on February 28, at PM. That was very hothe. Thank you for sharing. Patty on February 28, at PM. Well, that was very visual, hot and sexy. I had to cross my legs after reading that excerpt! Christy Bunch on February 28, at PM. Wow …. That is so hot. Has me sweating and turning the fan up. Love it. Sandra on February 28, at PM.
Eileen on February 28, at PM. Kari on February 28, at PM. Shawn on February 28, at PM. That was just amazing.. I am eagerly awaiting the book Reply. Marie Fortmeyer on February 28, at PM. That scene was so hot! Thank you? Not too hot,just right?? Barbara Watts on February 28, at PM. Wow sounds great. John on February 28, at PM. Just right Reply.
Cristi Darst on February 28, at PM. Gloria on February 28, at PM. Love it, very steamy,,,,I also cannot wait till it comes out. Laura on February 28, at PM. That is fantastic. I was with them every step of the way! Jonella on February 28, at PM. Holy cow, was that hot! Melda on February 28, at PM.
Tonja on February 28, at PM. This is so HOT! Bonnetta on February 28, at PM. This is a great tease to keep us squirming till we get it all! Kelli on February 28, at PM. One of the most erotic scenes I have read in quite a while. The new code means gay people are no longer subject to court martial for their sexuality, and sexual infractions will be the subject of standard criminal law. There is still a great deal to be done: in the schools, in the press, in the world of labour and the unions, in culture. We have a great deal to do before the Spanish people accept and respect us as the full citizens who we are.
Under the proposed legislation, if a person aged 15 years has sex with a year-old, the older individual would be guihy of engaging in sex where there is "presumed violence," making the en- counter legally. There, sections were removed that would have prevented the prosecution of those under the age of 1 3 who have sex with each other. In the hou,se of deputies, the bill was supported by the Christian Democrats and by the right-wing, and was opposed by the Italian Communist Party and elected officials further to the left.
The Socialist Party, which is third largest after the Christian Democrats and the Communists, abstained. According to Socialist Senator Elena Martinucci, the abstention "expressed the Socialist's dis- content but saved a law that has positive aspects" for prosecuting those who actu- ally commit rape, n AIDS Service groups say: "don't take the test" The National Gay Task Force and AIDS service organizations from across the US have issued a statement calling on gay men not to take the screening test for the AIDS virus, expected to be released in the next few weeks. The coalition explains that a positive result on the test — which detects the ex- istence of antibodies to the virus but not the virus itself — does not mean that someone has or will get AIDS, and it is only useful to screen blood for transfu- sions and for research purposes.
A negative test result does not mean that someone has not been in contact with the AIDS virus. The test is "unaccep- tably inaccurate" when checked against more specific and expensive techniques. There were a number of breakthroughs in AIDS research over the last month. French and American scientists succeeded in discovering the genetic structure of the virus, which opens the way for better diagnostic tests and the possible produc- tion of a vaccine. A substance which is commonly found in commercial spermi- cides has been found effective in destroy- ing the virus.
T4 cells are appar- ently coated with a special protein that at- tracts the virus. Once a flourishing neighbourhood of boutiques, bookstores and restaurants, businessmen complain that both straight and gay customers have been avoiding the area for fear of catch- ing the disease. Other shop owners at- tribute the decline in business to the effect of the general recession and have at- tempted to boost business by changing their merchandising strategies.
The prison was set on fire and 40 prison- ers suffered stab wounds after straight in- mates rioted to protest the refu. The inmates cited fears of catching AIDS from the gay prisoners. Go cross-country skiing on our acre property or on the nearby Bruce Trail. Downhill skiing available close by. Relax With mugs of hot apple cider around the fireplace in our roomy 19th-century farmhouse. Two hours from Toronto in the village of Bognor, 23km south of Owen Sound. Tales of Transformation: An Exhibition of Self-portraiture.
Three-Woman Show. The opening on Mar 6 is from 8- 1 1 pm; all welcome. The European Iceberg.
To Apr 7. Colin Campbell. Kunst: Seven Artists from Amsterdam. The film compo- nent of this extravaganza at the Art Gallery of Ontario features several works by gay directors or with gay themes, including: Death in Venice 3 pm. Sat, Feb Vis- conti"s opulent, heartbreaking rendering of Thomas Mann's novella about an aging, dis- illusioned artist who becomes fascinated with a young Polish boy.
Beyond Good and F. Sun, Feb Sun, Mar 3; parts 7 pm. Sun, Mar 10; parts 7 pm. Sun, Mar 17; parts ; 7 pm. Sun, Mar 24; part 13 and epilogue: 7 pm. Sun, Mar Fassbinder's epic, based on Alfred Doblin's monumental avant-garde novel, is the apotheosis of the late director's style and vision, and features virtually all the key members of his peerless acting troupe.
Ticket of So Return 3 pm. A catatonic beauty comes to Berlin to "fulfill her destiny as a drunkard," teams up with a bag lady, and takes off on a dippy tour of the city, haunted by three furies dressed in hounds- tooth and sensible shoes. Paso DobleO pm. Berlin's foremost underground director, Lothar Lam- bert, graduates from no budget to low budget in this grotesquely funny melodrama about a middle-class German couple on vacation in Spain. The elder sister is assimilated. The younger sister later tries to get her life together in a communal house in Toronto.
And the brother makes his debut into the gay community by working as a hustler in Toronto's Allen Gardens. In Orillia Opera, playwright David Burgess has created an equally strong statement about the police busts at the washroom under the opera house in the small Ontario town sorry, city of Orillia.
This half-hour play presents the lives of several people affected by police tactics, and the reactions of the various segments of the community. The play makes its point without melodrama and gains the support even of an audience that has perhaps not thought much about the topic before. The real challenge surely is to get pieces of drama like these onto videotape and distribute them through community organizations and public forums. Both of these plays deserve even more than the standing-room-only, enthusiastic audi- ence that they got at this small Toronto festival.
Oscar Wilde's play becomes a vehi- cle for the perverse obsessions of Italy's most famous avant-garde theatre and film direc- tor, Carmelo Bene. Bene plays Herod, the slobbering martyr; Veruschka plays Salome. The All Round Reduced Personality 1 pm. A feminist classic by Helke Sander, one of Germany's leading journal- ists. A group of women artists are caught in a moral dilemma when they're hired to work on a project to boost the morale of Berliners and encourage tourism. DFreebies at the NFB. Two screenings at the National Film Board Theatre, 1 Lombard St off Victoria, between Adelaide and Rich- mond , both at pm, and both FREE: on Wed, Mar 6, Dream of a Free Country, a doc- umentary testimony of the Nicaraguan women who fought in the revolution that overthrew the Somoza regime in ; and on Wed, Mar 13, Abortion: Stories from North and South, a cross-cultural survey of the realities of abortion, providing an historical overview of how the church, state and medical establish- ment have determined policies affecting it.
The rising Toronto group, fresh from the release of their new album and video. See review, page There will be a special benefit performance of the show at 10 pm, Wed, Feb 20 for ViSiDiTi, a new les- bian and gay theatre group. Gross- man, one of the most respected contempor- ary Canadian dancers, brings his company and his often humorous choreography to Harbourfront's Premiere Dance Theatre.
Feb Mar 2, 8 pm. Tickets: or BASS. The com- pany's winter season includes a week of August Bournonville's Napoli Feb and a mixed programme Feb Mar 3 which includes a new piece. Blue Snake, set on the company by the eccentric and exciting Robert Desrosiers. Ticketron outlets, or call D Les Ballets Jazz. During their world tour, this popular Montreal troupe returns to Toronto's Ryerson Theatre Fri, Feb 22 and Sat, Feb 23 for two performances only, 8 pm each night.
DThe Fighting Days. A new play by Wendy Lill about journalist and feminist Francis Beynon, who fought for world peace and equality for women in Manitoba in the second decade of this century. Among the characters in the play is Nellie McClung. John Herbert's classic about four inmates in a Canadian pris- on. The show is partly about sexuality and partly about how one gets sex and power in a reformatory. A production by Eclectic Thea- tre, a new company. This robs the story of much of its original impact. The idea of a mother sending here college-age son to a therapist to be "cured" of his homosexuality seems unrealistically hysterical today, but more plausible for , when attitudes were less liberal and when the American Psychiatric Association still listed homosexuality as an illness.
Jeff is only seventeen when he comes out in the novel, and he requests professional help of his own accord. Consenting Adult is primarily a mother's story; for many straights, Jeff's slow coming out could improve their comprehension of what it means to be gay, but for gays it is important in helping us realize our parents need to adjust and resolve their internal conflicts just as we had to. After many moving speeches from Jeff including one in which he elo- quently describes what he feels for men but doesn't feel for women , and after much contemplation, Tess realizes that in order not to lose her son she must aban- don "the notion that everybody you love must conform to your values, your stan- dards.
A production by the Chame- leon Players. Opens Feb 20 for a three-week run. Buddies in Bad Times's new show, written and directed by Sky Gilbert, about the famous and frantic romance be- tween Raymond Radiguet and Jean Cocteau. For reservations and info: A lecture by Ruth Hubbard of Harvard University on the ways in which biological thinking has been influenced by masculine ideas about gender.
Sundays, Feb Mar Catholics. Since the revolutionary Vatican II council, the Roman Catholic Church has been undergoing a public process of self-questioning about its social and political role as one of the world's largest religious institutions. Michael Hig- gins, director of the St Jerome Centre for theological renewal, hosts the four-part programme. Toronto writer and broadcaster Barbara Nichol exam- ines the ongoing debate among women about their role in the family, in society and in history.
Notions about masculinity have changed dramatically during the 20th cen- tury. In this series of programmes, based on the book by Barbara Ehrenreich, these chan- ges are traced from the institution of the family wage system — with its requirement that men be husbands and providers — through the consumer culture of the post-war years, to the feminist revival in the '70s.
Drawing on the experience of ordinary men as well as expert commentary, these pro- grammes describe the impact of Playboy magazine, the Beat Generation, pop psycho- logy and the gay rights movement in creating the New Man of the s. The series shows that it's not only feminists who have rebelled against the family. Tuesday and Wednesday programmes are at pm; Sunday programmes at pm. Fine lood. College St Catt New Orleans. Best people- peeking perch on one ol ihe cruisiesi corners in town Yonge Si 9?? Noon-9 pm. Dance at the feet of Lorraine at the Copa.
See Music. Join the party at Oz, 1 Isabella St. Festivities include the crowning of the King and Queen of the Mardi Gras and best costume awards. Call ahead for details and meal contributions: See Radio. L; Videotapes by Pauline Dean. Notes on Music: a history of popular music with em- phasis on the influence of black music — Jazz, Motown, Rhythm and Blues.
See Stage. CThe Killing of Sister George. Meeting in a member's home, 8 pm.
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Call David at for info. The sign-language ar- tist, in concert: a combination of theatre, dance, music and sign language, with special guest Arlene Mantle. Info: A seminar for the exchange of ideas and creative endeavours in art, literature, philoso- phy and political thought. Topic: the nursing home industry. Wheel- chair accessible.
For more info, see Sat. Mar 9. A mid-winter women's dance with feminist entertainment and a tropical slide show. Childcare can be provided; please call This women-only dance is a benefit for Emma Pro- ductions, a femmisl media collective. Susan Fruendlich. A workshop on "Language: The Heart of the Community.
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Track Two plus much more! See Film. Videotapes by Pauline Dean. Death in Venice. See Film Salome. Les Ballets Jazz. On Ideas for four consecutive Sundays, starting tonight. Beyond Good and Kvil. All women welcome. On Ideas, for three consecutive Tuesdays, starting tonight. Info: Chris or Eldon. DThe Hearts of Men. On Ideas for three consecutive Wednesdays starting tonight. DThe National Ballet. DBratty at the Cameron again! Info: , Mon- Fri, pm. At the Eaton Centre, 12 noon.
See Art. A Fassbinder monument. One of the many events sponsored by the International Women's Day Coalition. See Sat, Mar 9 below. Another International Women's Day Coalition event. Everyone is welcome to attend the gala opening of the new show at Sparkes Gallery. A screening of the film Word is Out. Another of the many events sponsored by the Internation- al Women's Day Coalition.
See Sat. The noted feminist and black activist, at Convocation Hall, U of T. An event sponsored by the International Women's Day Coalition. See — tomorrow! Rally: 1 1 am. March Feminist Walking Tour : noon. Fair: pm at Jorgensen Hall, Ryerson. Purim Celebration at Steven's. Join us for Hamentafhen. A workshop at Castle Frank High School, am.
Spon- sored by the International Women's Day Coalition. See Sat, Mar 9. DTicket of No Return. For information on location, call Chris , Eldon or Rob. D Abortion: Stories from North and South. DRadiguet opens. Info: Linda or Alexandra. Ryerson Lesbians and Gay Men present another of their popular dances. Oakham House, 63 Gould St.
A feminist classic. Lutherans Concerned. Meet to attend mor- ning service at a local church, with brunch afterwards. Info: David at An evening of readings from works published and forth- coming by lesbian-feminist writers Gillian Hanscombe and Suniti Namjoshi, presented by the Coalition for a Women's Centre at U of T.
Wheelchair accessible via Sussex Ave. Info: Ann.